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Patria

Nijmegen

Netherlands

The company was founded in january 1891 and excisted up to 1957.
Prams were the main product but other products were made too. The company is known by several names: ´Fa. Van Rosendael & Co.´ (from the start), ´thee Dutch Pram works´ (from the start of the 20th century) and ´Patria kinderwagenfabriek, N.V. v/h Van Rosendael & Co.´.
It was situated at 44 - 46 Weurtseweg in Nijmegen.
Patria kinderwagenfabriek N.V.     Patria kinderwagenfabriek N.V.
(Source: Photos of mr. Chris de Reus via www.noviomagus.nl)

Carel A.J. van Rosendael

The company was founded by Carel A.J. van Roosendael (1857-1905), an entrepreneur from Nijmegen owning a hardwareshop at Broerstraat. Prams were built but also handcarts, bakerycarts, shopping carts and extension ladders. From about 1898 also bicycles were produced by the brand name "Zwaluw". Just before the 1900s the first dutch car was built, also by the brand Zwaluw.

In 1895 a pram "with solid gul tyres´ was sold for ƒ 11,00, The simpler sportscarts were sold for ƒ 2,85.
In 1907 prices of fullsizeprams, promenadeprams and strollers were ƒ 9.50 – 26,50, ƒ 7,00 – 21,50 and ƒ 2,90 – 6,65.

Laurens Jan ten Horn

After Van Rosendael died (1905) his brother-in-law Laurens Jan ten Horn (1955-1919) took over the company, he therefore had to sell his hardware shop in Wageningen. He was in charge till he died in 1919. Afterwards the company was continued as a family Inc. of which his second son Hendrik Carel (1895-1985) was in charge. Hendrik Carel already was manager of the technical department and Th. J. Terburg (1873-1942) was manager of sales and administration. Terburg left the company early in the 1930s

Steel body for prams

In the second half of the 1920s prams with steel bodies were introduced, an innovation which came from England. These prams were trendy but an expensive press of 250 tons was needed. Patria also made bodies to Belgian pram manufacturers on the condition they would stay from the Dutch market.
A very succesful by-product was the steel wheelbarrow, to be compatative with the traditional wooden wheelbarrow.

After the second world war there was a enormous need for prams, partly because many prams were worn out (they were used to get potatoes and vergetables from the farmers) and partly because of the babyboom after the liberation of the country. The financial year 1947/1948 production was top, 11.281 prams were built. Production of strollers and dolls prams was stopped because all available capacity was needed to built the prams.
In those years a folder was made which came in handy to the many families who lived in a smal space.
An other remarkable product was a minimalistic, lightweight, foldable and cheap stroller which came in handy at public transportation. It was known as ´Nip´ and lots of them are sold those days.

School furniture

In september 1933, in the middle of the economic crisis , I left school. After working at first as errand boy, for NLG 1.50 per week, at a bakery, In February 1934 I came to work in the pram factory at the Weurtseweg as an Apprentice Painter. At that factory, I earned 10 cents per hour or 48-hour working NLG 4.80 weekly.
(Source: Mr. Wim Jansen via www.noviomagus.nl)


Patria 1912
This pram is of approx. 1912.

Patria 1929
Pram ca. 1929 with die-cut metal sides.

Patria poppenwagen 1929
Dolls pram of 1929.

Triplets pram

drielingwagen
Triplets pram of 1934, specially made to the "Weurtse triplets", two girls and a boy (in the pram) of the Huiskens-Vermeulen family.
The back of the original photo mentions that the pram factory made it a gift.
(Source: Privat pictures of Mr. Laurens A. ten Horn for which we are very grateful to him.)